Abdon in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. The tenth judge of Israel (Judges 12:13; Judges 12:15),
probably the same as Bedan, 1 Samuel 12:11; for the
Phoenicians often omitted the 'Ayin ( ? ). Son of Hillel, of
the tribe of Ephraim. He succeeded Elon, and judged Israel
eight years. His rule was a peaceful one, since no oppression
of Israel during his time is mentioned. The record that he had
40 sons and 30 nephews (or rather grandsons) who rode on young
donkeys, implies their high dignity and consequence: compare
Judges 5:9. He died in 1112 B.C. Of him Josephus (Ant. 5:7,
15) writes: "He alone is recorded to have been happy in his
children; for the public affairs were so peaceable and secure
that he had no occasion to perform glorious actions." A
prophetical type of Israel's and the world's coming millennial
blessedness (Isaiah 1:26-27). Pirathon, the city to which he
belonged, is identified by Robinson with the modern Fer'ata,
six miles W. of Shechem or Nablous (Bibl. Res., 3).
2. 1 Chronicles 8:30, akin to Saul's forefathers, 1
3. 1 Chronicles 8:23.
4. 2 Chronicles 34:20; called Achbor 2 Kings 22:12.