A Warship of Ramesses III FleetA seagoing warship of Ramesses III's fleet. A temple wall at Thebes shows us such ships in a naval battle with a fleet of the "Peoples of the Sea", a wave of migrating nations that appeared in the eastern Mediterranean about 1200 B.C. The ship is provided with high hoardings on the bulwarks to protect rowers and marines from missiles. The steering oars seem to be of the free-swinging type seen in the Phoenician trader. The great advance, however, is in the rig. Here for the first time we see the labour-saving single-yard sail with brails (lines running through rings on the sail and handled from the deck to furl the sail), which became the standard Mediterranean, and later European, type of sail and lasted until the coming of steam.
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