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Psalms 107

1 - Give thanks to The LORD, for he is good,for his loving kindness endures forever.
2 - Let the redeemed by the LORD say so,whom he has redeemed from the hand of the adversary,
3 - And gathered out of the lands,from the east and from the west,from the north and from the south.
4 - They wandered in the wilderness in a desert way.They found no city to live in.
5 - Hungry and thirsty,their soul fainted in them.
6 - Then they cried to the LORD in their trouble,and he delivered them out of their distresses,
7 - he led them also by a straight way,that they might go to a city to live in.
8 - Let them praise the LORD for his loving kindness,for his wonderful deeds to the children of men!
9 - For he satisfies the longing soul.He fills the hungry soul with good.
10 - Some sat in darkness and in the shadow of death,being bound in affliction and iron,
11 - because they rebelled against the words of God,and condemned the counsel of the Most High.
12 - Therefore he brought down their heart with labor.They fell down, and there was no one to help.
13 - Then they cried to the LORD in their trouble,and he saved them out of their distresses.
14 - He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death,and broke away their chains.
15 - Let them praise the LORD for his loving kindness,for his wonderful deeds to the children of men!
16 - For he has broken the gates of brass,and cut through bars of iron.
17 - Fools are afflicted because of their disobedience,and because of their iniquities.
18 - Their soul abhors all kinds of food.They draw near to the gates of death.
19 - Then they cry to the LORD in their trouble,he saves them out of their distresses.
20 - He sends his word, and heals them,and delivers them from their graves.
21 - Let them praise the LORD for his loving kindness,for his wonderful deeds to the children of men!
22 - Let them offer the sacrifices of thanksgiving,and declare his deeds with singing.
23 - Those who go down to the sea in ships,who do business in great waters;
24 - These see The LORD's deeds,and his wonders in the deep.
25 - For he commands, and raises the stormy wind,which lifts up its waves.
26 - They mount up to the sky; they go down again to the depths.Their soul melts away because of trouble.
27 - They reel back and forth, and stagger like a drunken man,and are at their wits' end.
28 - Then they cry to the LORD in their trouble,and he brings them out of their distress.
29 - He makes the storm a calm,so that its waves are still.
30 - Then they are glad because it is calm,so he brings them to their desired haven.
31 - Let them praise the LORD for his loving kindness,for his wonderful deeds for the children of men!
32 - Let them exalt him also in the assembly of the people,and praise him in the seat of the elders.
33 - He turns rivers into a desert,water springs into a thirsty ground,
34 - and a fruitful land into a salt waste,for the wickedness of those who dwell in it.
35 - He turns a desert into a pool of water,and a dry land into water springs.
36 - There he makes the hungry live,that they may prepare a city to live in,
37 - sow fields, plant vineyards,and reap the fruits of increase.
38 - He blesses them also, so that they are multiplied greatly.He doesn't allow their livestock to decrease.
39 - Again, they are diminished and bowed downthrough oppression, trouble, and sorrow.
40 - He pours contempt on princes,and causes them to wander in a trackless waste.
41 - Yet he lifts the needy out of their affliction,and increases their families like a flock.
42 - The upright will see it, and be glad.All the wicked will shut their mouths.
43 - Whoever is wise will pay attention to these things.They will consider the loving kindnesses of The LORD.

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Psalms Images and Notes

The Book of Psalms

Psalm 2:7-9 - I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou [art] my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give [thee] the heathen [for] thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth [for] thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

Psalm 8:3-4 - When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

Psalm 53:1-3 - The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good. God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were [any] that did understand, that did seek God. Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; [there is] none that doeth good, no, not one.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survey - Psalms
Hebrew Name - Tehillim "praises"
Greek Name - Psalmoi (Greek form of the Hebrew mizmor, meaning instrument songs)
Author - David (According to Tradition)
Date - 1056 BC Approximately
Theme - Give praise to the Lord
Types and Shadows - In Psalms Jesus is the One worthy of all praise

The Tomb of King David in Jerusalem
Painted Sketch of the Tomb of King David in Second Temple Jerusalem

Summary of The Book of Psalms

The title of the Book of Psalms in the Hebrew is sepher tehillim, meaning "book of praises", and indeed it is a fitting title. Every chapter is devoted to praise and thanksgiving from the author to Yahweh. This book clearly provides hope and confidence in the Lord as the maker of all things, the ultimate ruler of everything including the universe. He sees everything, knows everything, he has no limits, his presence is everywhere even in darkness there is no hiding and he is to be praised.

The Psalms are full of religious poetry and this was not uncommon in the ancient Near Eastern nations and peoples, and it was not surprising for the Hebrews to have produced such a powerful work. David was the recognized writer of the Psalms and they are many times referred to as the Psalms of David, although some of the chapters are not attributed to him in the notes.

The Psalms of David included Psalms 2-41 (except Psalms 33), Psalms 51-72, Psalms 108-110, and Psalms 138-145. David was no doubt a very skillful musician, the Bible mentions that he played the lyre for King Saul (1 Samuel 16:23), and the prophet Amos mentions that David invented instruments of music for worship of the Lord (Amos 6:5). There is also mention in the book of Samuel about David lamenting over Saul and Jonathan in a poetic fashion revealing his natural ability.

David went to many experiences in his life that he wrote about, especially when he was hunted down by King Saul from place to place like a "Partridge" in the wilderness. David was a young shepherd, he knew what it was like to tend his flock and to guard them from predators, this gave him a beautiful imagery for the Lord the great Shepherd. David was also a musician, a man of war, a king, a father, a husband, a friend, and many more. He repented over his sin in Psalm 51, acknowledging himself to be a sinner before God and God alone. God called David "a man after my own heart" and these experiences allowed him to share with the reader, a man who knew the heart of God. David was a master at finding different ways to praise God in life experiences and the book of Psalms is a wonder book for those who want to know how to please God. He was filled with the Holy Spirit (1 Samuel 16:13). There is no doubt the David wrote most of the Psalms, and the ones that he did not write are in his style as well.

Among the Psalms are two collections of Levitical Psalms, one is ascribed to the "sons of Korah" (Psalms 42-49), the other is ascribed to Asaph (Psalms 73-83 and Psalms 50). These exalt the tribes of Joseph. There are Psalms mentioning Moses, Haman, Ethan, and Solomon, some are anonymous (Psalm 33, 84-89). Some of the Psalms reveal a strong liturgical emphasis which might've been used in worship services, or on special days and do not mention the author (Psalms 91-100).

It is impossible to determine exactly how the Psalms were compiled and collected, and dating them is also difficult for most of the Psalms. Some of the Psalms are commemorating victories, while others are historical, remembering the Lord and God's people in past events. Other Psalms are prophetic and look to the future and the coming of the Messiah, as well as the heavenly kingdom. There are Psalms of affliction, lamentation and remorse over sin, as well as songs of Thanksgiving and trusting the Lord.

Some of the songs were chosen to be good for reciting on certain Jewish holy days, like the Sabbath, or Passover, the feast of Tabernacles, etc. There are titles on about 100 of the Psalms, the titles are so old that they cannot be understood even in the second century BC. Some of the titles point to the source of the Psalm, while others point to a certain purpose, or a certain melody, or something related to music.

Outline of the Book of Psalms

Psalms is divided into five books : Psalms 1-41, which witness to David's life and faith; Psalms 42-72, a group of historical writings; Psalms 73-99, ritual psalms; Psalms 90-106, reflecting pre-captivity sentiment and history; and Psalms 107-150, dealing with the captivity and return to Jerusalem. These five books are often regarded as the devotional counterpart to the five books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy).


House of David Inscription - Tel Dan Stele

Tel Dan Stele - House of David Inscription
1 Kings 2:11 - And the days that David reigned over Israel [were] forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.

An inscription containing the words "house of David" was found on a black basalt stone slab called the Tel Dan Stele, from Tel Dan, Israel, 9th Century B.C.

 Interesting facts about the Psalms: The book of Psalms is the longest book in the Bible. The 119th Psalm is a longest chapter in the whole Bible. The 117th Psalm is the shortest chapter in the Bible and located in the middle. When the Old Testament is quoted in the New Testament by someone, over one third of all the quotes are from the Psalms.

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon
Map of the Empires of David and Solomon (Click to Enlarge)

Quick Reference Maps - Psalms



Zion and the City of David

The Kidron Valley and David's City

The Empire of David and Solomon

The Kingdom of David


Kirjath Jearim

Jabesh Gilead


Judah in the Time of David

The City of Nob and David's Flight

The First Day. Light.

Psalms Resources

Samuel the Prophet
Saul, Israel's First King
King David
King Solomon

More About the Book of Psalms
Psalms in the Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient World
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