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Matthew 1:3 and to Judah were born Perez and Zerah by Tamar; and to Perez was born Hezron; and to Hezron, Ram;

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      3-6. And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; 4. And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; 5. And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; 6. And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her of Urias--Four women are here introduced; two of them Gentiles by birth--Rachab and Ruth; and three of them with a blot at their names in the Old Testament--Thamar, Rachab, and Bath-sheba. This feature in the present genealogy--herein differing from that given by Luke--comes well from him who styles himself in his list of the Twelve, what none of the other lists do, "Matthew the publican"; as if thereby to hold forth, at the very outset, the unsearchable riches of that grace which could not only fetch in "them that are afar off," but teach down even to "publicans and harlots," and raise them to "sit with the princes of his people." David is here twice emphatically styled "David the king," as not only the first of that royal line from which Messiah was to descend, but the one king of all that line from which the throne that Messiah was to occupy took its name--"the throne of David." The angel Gabriel, in announcing Him to His virgin-mother, calls it "the throne of David His father," sinking all the intermediate kings of that line, as having no importance save as links to connect the first and the last king of Israel as father and son. It will be observed that Rachab is here represented as the great-grandmother of David (see Ru 4:20-22; 1Ch 2:11-15) --a thing not beyond possibility indeed, but extremely improbable, there being about four centuries between them. There can hardly be a doubt that one or two intermediate links are omitted.


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Matthew 1 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: Matthew chapter one traces the genealogy or lineage of Jesus through Joseph and Mary back to Abraham. Matthew chapter one also talks about the birth of Jesus, and the struggle of Joseph about Mary's pregnancy and the angel appearing to him in a dream encouraging him to not be afraid to marry Mary. Matthew attributes all this to the fulfillment of Scripture in Isaiah.

Detailed Summary: Matthew chapter one reveals a detailed genealogy of Jesus tracing his ancestry from Abraham the first Hebrew down through Joseph, his legal father. He begins by calling Jesus the Son of David, who was the greatest king of Israel, making this a royal descent and proving Jesus to be the king of the Jews.  Matthew  goes on and records His virgin birth having been conceived by the Holy Spirit. He had no human father by blood but He was the Son of God by blood descent. Joseph was considering what he should do regarding her pregnancy and an angel appeared to him in a dream calling him son of David, and encouraging him that all that happened was true and to be strong and marry her. He was to name his son Jesus, for He shall save his people from their sins. Matthew is quick to mention that the virgin birth of Christ was in direct fulfillment of the Word of the prophet Isaiah in Isaiah 7:14. Joseph did as was commanded him and knew her not until after she gave birth to her firstborn Son and called His name Jesus.

Key Concept: Jesus was the virgin born king by royal descent and Son of God with no human father by blood (Matthew 1:18)

Key Verses:
Study Bible Icon Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
Study Bible Icon Matthew 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
Study Bible Icon Matthew 1:20-21 for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

Important Related Verses:
Study Bible Icon 2 Samuel 7:11-13 Also the LORD telleth David that he will make thee an house. And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build an house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
Study Bible Icon Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Study Bible Icon Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

Interesting Notes:
Study Bible Icon Matthew mentions four women in his genealogy: Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, Bathsheeba who were all associated with some sort of immorality. Tamar (incest), Rahab (harlotry), Ruth (a descendant of Moab who committed incest) and Bathsheba (adultery). Christ's greatness was in Himself not his geneaology.
Study Bible Icon Women were never mentioned in Jewish genealogies.
Study Bible Icon Matthew begins the genealogy by calling Jesus the Son of David making it a royal genealogy because Jesus is the King and rightful heir to David's throne. This could not have happened through Mary's genealogy alone.
Study Bible Icon Matthew's genealogy proves Jesus was the Son of Abraham. God promised that Abraham's "seed" would bless the whole world.
Study Bible Icon All the Jewish genealogical records were lost in the first century with the destruction of the Temple. No Jew today could rightfully claim to be a descended of king David.
Study Bible Icon There is no example of history that records such a historical genealogy. There is no logical explanation except that God prepared the Jewish people, and their scrupulous keeping of genealogical records, to preserve an accurate account which His Son would make an entrance into this world.
Study Bible Icon Matthew divides the Old Testament from Abraham to Jesus as three 14 generation periods. Numerically the number of David (dvd) in Hebrew is 14.
Study Bible Icon Jesus had no human father by blood making him the last Adam, the Son of God.
Study Bible Icon Matthew records that Joseph did not have intercourse with Mary until after she gave birth to Jesus. This could indicate that Joseph and Mary had other children.
Study Bible Icon One scholar said, "Jesus had a sinless human nature joined to deity."
Study Bible Icon The name Jesus means Yahweh is Salvation.

The Dream of St. Joseph by Rembrandt. 1650. Oil Painting.
The Dream of St. Joseph by Rembrandt

Jesus written in Hebrew
The Name Jesus In Ancient Hebrew Text
"Yeshua" in First Century Hebrew Text. This is how the name "Jesus" would have been written in ancient Hebrew documents. The four letters or consonants from right to left are Yod, Shin, Vav, Ayin (Y, SH, OO, A). Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew name Joshua or Y'shua which means "The LORD or Yahweh is Salvation".


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