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Deuteronomy 33

1 - This is the blessing with which Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.
2 - He said,"The LORD came from Sinai,and rose from Seir to them.He shone from Mount Paran.He came from the ten thousands of holy ones.At his right hand was a fiery law for them.
3 - Yes, he loves the people.All his saints are in your hand.They sat down at your feet.Each receives your words.
4 - Moses commanded us a law,an inheritance for the assembly of Jacob.
5 - He was king in Jeshurun,when the heads of the people were gathered,all the tribes of Israel together.
6 - "Let Reuben live, and not die;Nor let his men be few."
7 - This is for Judah. He said,"Hear, The LORD, the voice of Judah.Bring him in to his people.With his hands he contended for himself.You shall be a help against his adversaries."
8 - About Levi he said,"Your Thummim and your Urim are with your godly one,whom you proved at Massah,with whom you contended at the waters of Meribah.
9 - He said of his father, and of his mother, 'I have not seen him.'He didn't acknowledge his brothers,nor did he know his own children;for they have observed your word,and keep your covenant.
10 - They shall teach Jacob your ordinances,and Israel your law.They shall put incense before you,and whole burnt offering on your altar.
11 - The LORD, bless his skills.Accept the work of his hands.Strike through the hips of those who rise up against him,of those who hate him, that they not rise again."
12 - About Benjamin he said,"The beloved of the LORD will dwell in safety by him.He covers him all day long.He dwells between his shoulders."
13 - About Joseph he said,"His land is blessed by The LORD,for the precious things of the heavens, for the dew,for the deep that couches beneath,
14 - for the precious things of the fruits of the sun,for the precious things that the moon can yield,
15 - for the best things of the ancient mountains,for the precious things of the everlasting hills,
16 - for the precious things of the earth and its fullness,the good will of him who lived in the bush.Exodus 3:3-4.Let this come on the head of Joseph,on the crown of the head of him who was separated from his brothers.
17 - The firstborn of his herd, majesty is his.His horns are the horns of the wild ox.With them he will push all the peoples, to the ends of the earth.They are the ten thousands of Ephraim.They are the thousands of Manasseh."
18 - About Zebulun he said,"Rejoice, Zebulun, in your going out;and Issachar, in your tents.
19 - They will call the peoples to the mountain.There they will offer sacrifices of righteousness,for they will draw out the abundance of the seas,the hidden treasures of the sand."
20 - About Gad he said,"He who enlarges Gad is blessed.He dwells as a lioness,and tears the arm, yes, the crown of the head.
21 - He provided the first part for himself,for the lawgiver's portion reserved was reserved for him.He came with the heads of the people.He executed the righteousness of The LORD,His ordinances with Israel."
22 - About Dan he said,"Dan is a lion's cubthat leaps out of Bashan."
23 - About Naphtali he said,"Naphtali, satisfied with favor,full of The LORD's blessing,Possess the west and the south."
24 - About Asher he said,"Asher is blessed with children.Let him be acceptable to his brothers.Let him dip his foot in oil.
25 - Your bars will be iron and brass.As your days, so your strength will be.
26 - "There is no one like God, Jeshurun,who rides on the heavens for your help,in his excellency on the skies.
27 - The eternal God is your dwelling place.Underneath are the everlasting arms.He thrust out the enemy from before you,and said, 'Destroy!'
28 - Israel dwells in safety;the fountain of Jacob alone,In a land of grain and new wine.Yes, his heavens drop down dew.
29 - You are happy, Israel!Who is like you, a people saved by The LORD,the shield of your help,the sword of your excellency?Your enemies will submit themselves to you.You will tread on their high places."
Deuteronomy Images and Notes

The Book of Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy 28:1 - And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe [and] to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth:
Deuteronomy 28:2 - And all these blessings shall come on thee, and overtake thee, if thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God.

Painting of a Religious Jew Reading the Scroll of the Torah
Religious Jew Reading the Scroll of the Torah, notice the prayer shawl over his head and the phylacteries on his forehead and arm to remind him that he must keep the law with his head and his heart. He is reading the scroll of the Torah which was written on parchment and fastened to rollers.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survery - Deuteronomy
Hebrew Name - elleh haddebharim "these are the words"
Greek Name - Deuteronomion "The Second Law"
Author - Moses
Date - 1451 BC Approximately
Theme - Reminders of God's Covenant
Types and Shadows - In Deuteronomy Jesus is prophet like unto Moses

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

Summary of The Book of Deuteronomy

The word "Deuteronomy" comes from the Greek word for "the second law" or "the law copied or repeated." In the book of Deuteronomy Moses is writing a series of speeches to the people of Israel in the plains of Moab on the day before they entered the land of Canaan, the promised land. these messages are intended to speak to every member of the congregation of Israel, not just the religious. The purpose of Moses was to remind them of God's law, and everything that God did for them, and every promise God made to them. Moses explained to them that their new life in the land of Canaan would be blessed or cursed depending on their ability to walk after after God and His law. These words were spoken to them on the 11th month of the final year of Israel's wandering in the wilderness, the 40th year after they left Egypt.

In the first speech (Deuteronomy 1:1-4:43), Moses warns the people of Israel about the sins which had kept their fathers from entering the promised land. He repeatedly encourages them to obey God and reminds them about the events that took place in the 40 years of wandering in the wilderness. He carefully explains what happens when there are difficult situations and they choose not to trust the Lord but rather act in obstinance, doubt, fear, and finally disobedience.

The second speech (Deuteronomy 4:44-26:19) goes into the details about the law. It is really the main message here that Moses gives them, the first speech was more of an introduction and preparation for this message. It deals mainly with the legal aspects of the law, moral, civil, and ceremonial. It deals first with the 10 Commandments (Deuteronomy chapters 5-11) and secondly the details behind God's law with the emphasis on following God statutes, religious ordinances, and living with one another as the people of God (Deuteronomy chapters 12-26).

The third speech (Deuteronomy 27:1-31:30) is primarily a message about the blessings of obedience and the curses of disobedience. Moses mainly directs his message to the elders, the priests, the Levites, and all the leaders who are responsible to carry out the ceremonies. The place chosen for the ceremonies was a spot in the center of the land of Israel where the first altar to God have been erected. Once they had crossed over the Jordan River they were commanded to set up great stones on Mount Ebal, with the law of God inscribed and to build a great altar. The 12 tribes of Israel were to be divided between the two hills. Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph and Benjamin were to gather themselves on Mt. Gerizim to recite the blessings which God promised them if they would obey him. Across on Mt. Ebal, Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun and Naphtali were to speak the curses which God had promised them if they were to disobey him.

Moses finished his discourses and encourage the people to follow Joshua, their new leader, to cross the Jordan and to take the land which had been promised to their father Abraham. Moses wrote down the law in a book, gave it to the priests, who were to keep it as a perpetual reminder for the people of Israel (Deuteronomy 31:9-13). They were to read it every seventh year when the people assembled for the feast of Tabernacles.

God told Moses and Joshua to come before Him at the tabernacle and He told them of the future infidelity of the children of Israel and instructed Moses to leave the people a song as a witness against them which they were to learn. This song of Moses is recorded in Deuteronomy 32 and it speaks about the blessings which God has bestowed on his people and the corrupt ways in which they responded to those blessings. Deuteronomy 33 speaks about Moses' blessing on the people and Deuteronomy 34 records briefly the account of the death of Moses, the great leader of Israel.

Outline of The Book of Deuteronomy

1) The First Address of Moses

Historical  overview (Deuteronomy 1:6-3)
Appeal for commitment to God  (Deuteronomy 4)

2) The Second Address of Moses

God's covenant with Israel (Deuteronomy 5:1-21)
A Message about the First Commandment (Deuteronomy 6-9:6)
A Survey of the Laws Given on Mount Sinai (Deuteronomy 9:7-10:11)
Reminders of God's Laws (Deuteronomy 10:12-11)

3) The Laws

Sacrifice (Deuteronomy 12)
Giving in to Idolatry (Deuteronomy 13)
Acceptable and Forbidden Foods (Deuteronomy 14:3-21)
Tithes (Deuteronomy 14:22-29)
Year of Release (Deuteronomy 15:1-11)
Releasing Slaves (Deuteronomy 15:12-18)
Firstlings of Cattle and Sheep (Deuteronomy 15:19-23)
Yearly Pilgrimage Feasts and Festivals (Deuteronomy 16:1-17)
Leaders of the Nation (Deuteronomy 16:18-28:22)
Right of Asylum (Deuteronomy 19)
Conduct of War (Deuteronomy 20, 21:10-14, 23:9-14)
Marriage and Family Life (Deuteronomy 21, 22, 24:1-4, 25:5-10)
Certain Humanitarian Regulations (Deuteronomy 21, 22, 24, 25)
Blessings and Curses on the People (Deuteronomy 27)
Results of Observance and Neglect (Deuteronomy 28)

4) The Last Days of Moses

Third Address (Deuteronomy 29-30)
Last Words and Acts of Moses (Deuteronomy 31-33)
Death and Burial of Moses (Deuteronomy 34)

Quick Reference Maps - Deuteronomy

Canaan Before Joshua

The Island of Caphtor

The First Day. Light.

Deuteronomy Resources

The Wilderness Wanderings

More About the Book of Deuteronomy
Deuteronomy in the Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient World
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