eliakim Summary and Overview
eliakim in Easton's Bible Dictionary
whom God will raise up. (1.) The son of Melea (Luke 3:30), and probably grandson of Nathan. (2.) The son of Abiud, of the posterity of Zerubbabel (Matt. 1:13). (3.) The son of Hilkiah, who was sent to receive the message of the invading Assyrians and report it to Isaiah (2 Kings 18:18; 19:2; Isa. 36:3; 37:2). In his office as governor of the palace of Hezekiah he succeeded Shebna (Isa. 22:15-25). He was a good man (Isa. 22:20; 2 Kings 18:37), and had a splendid and honourable career. (4.) The original name of Jehoiakim, king of Judah (2 Kings 23:34). He was the son of Josiah.
eliakim in Smith's Bible Dictionary
(raised up by God.). 1. Son of Hilkiah, master of Hezekiah's household ("over the house," as) #Isa 36:3| #2Ki 18:18,26,37| (B.C. 713.) Eliakim was a good man, as appears by the title emphatically applied to him by God, "my servant Eliakim," #Isa 22:20| and also in the discharge of the duties of his high station, in which he acted as a "father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah." #Isa 22:21| 2. The original name of Jehoiakim king of Judah. #2Ki 23:34; 2Ch 36:4| 3. A priest in the days of Nehemiah, who assisted at the dedication of the new wall of Jerusalem. #Ne 12:41| (B.C. 446.) 4. Eldest son of Abiud or Judah; brother of Joseph, and father of Azor. #Mt 1:13| 5. son of Melea, and father of Jonan. #Lu 3:30,31|
eliakim in Schaff's Bible Dictionary
ELI'AKIM (whom God establishes). 1. The master of the household of Hezekiah, and one of the commissioners appointed to treat with the king of Assyria. 2 Kgs 18:18, 2 Kgs 18:26, 2 Kgs 18:37; 2 Kgs 19:2; Isa 22:20; Gen 36:3, Isa 36:11, Isa 36:22; Isa 37:2. 2. The son and successor of Josiah, king of Judah. His name was changed to Jehoiakim. 2 Kgs 23:34; 2 Chr 36:4. 3. A priest who helped to dedicate the wall. Neh 12:41. 4, 5. Two persons in Christ's genealogy. Matt 1:13; Luke 3:30.
eliakim in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Hilkiah's son, over Hezekiah's household (Isaiah 36:3). As Joseph over Pharaoh's palace, Azrikam "governor of Ahaz' house" (2 Chronicles 28:7); chamberlain, treasurer, prefect of the palace (Genesis 41:40), chief minister. Successor of Shebna, whose deposition for his pride was foretold (Isaiah 22:15-20). Elevated at the time of the Assyrian invasion as the one most adapted to meet such a crisis. Same as Azariah son of Hilkiah (1 Chronicles 6:13); the same man often bearing two names (Kimchi). God calls him "My servant": a pious patriot (compare 2 Kings 18:37; 2 Kings 19:1-5). A "father to (counseling, befriending, and defending) the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the inhabitants of Judah." Type of Messiah: "the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder (the key hung from the kerchief on the shoulder as emblem of his office, or figuratively for sustaining the government on his shoulder); so he shall open and none shall shut:, and he shall shut and none shall open;" i.e., all access to the royal house shall be through him. Antitypically, "the government shall be upon Messiah's shoulder" (Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 22:22); He shuts or opens at will the access to the heavenly mansion (Revelation 3:7), He has the keys also of hell (the grave) and death (Revelation 1:18). As Eliakim supplanted Shebna, so Christ the Heir of David's throne shall supplant all the stewards who abuse their trust in God's spiritual house, the church and the world (hereafter to become coextensive with the church): Hebrews 3:2-6. For the rest of Isaiah's imagery as to Eliakim, (See NAIL; SHEBNA, when degraded, was "scribe" (i.e. secretary, remembrancer, keeping the king informed on important facts, historiographer) under Eliakim (2 Kings 18:37), who became "treasurer," or as Hebrew coken (Isaiah 22:15) from caakan, "to dwell" means, intimate friend of the king, dwelling on familiar terms, and "steward of the provisions" (compare 1 Chronicles 27:33). 2. King JEHOIAKIM'S original name. 3. Nehemiah 12:41. 4. Luke 3:26; Matthew 1:13. 5. Luke 3:30-31.