Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z   


juj'-ing, juj'-ment: Often in the Old Testament for "to act as a magistrate" (Ex 18:13; Dt 1:16; 16:18, etc.), justice being administered generally by "elders" (Ex 18:13-27), or "kings" (1 Sam 8:20) or "priests" (Dt 18:15); applied to God as the Supreme Judge (Ps 9:7,8; 10:18; 96:13; Mic 4:3, etc.; Ps 7:8: "Yahweh ministereth judgment," vividly describes a court scene, with Yahweh as Judge).
Often in the New Testament, ethically, for (1) "to decide," "give a verdict," "declare an opinion" (Greek krino); (2) "to investigate," "scrutinize" (Greek anakrino); (3) "to discriminate," "distinguish" (Greek diakrino). For (1), see Lk 7:43; Acts 15:19; for (2) see 1 Cor 2:15; 4:3; for (3)see 1 Cor 11:31; 14:29 m. Used also forensically in Lk 22:30; Acts 25:10; and applied to God in Jn 5:22; Heb 10:30. The judgments of God are the expression of His justice, the formal declarations of His judgments, whether embodied in words (Dt 5:1 the King James Version, the Revised Version (British and American) "statutes"), or deeds (Ex 6:6; Rev 16:7), or in decisions that are yet to be published (Ps 36:6). Man's consciousness of guilt inevitably associates God's judgments as declarations of the Divine justice, with his own condemnation, i.e. he knows that a strict exercise of justice means his condemnation, and thus "judgment" and "condemnation" become in his mind synonymous (Rom 5:16); hence, the prayer of Ps 143:2, "Enter not into judgment"; also, Jn 6:29, "the resurrection of judgment" (the King James Version "damnation"); 1 Cor 11:29, "eateth and drinketh judgment" (the King James Version "damnation").
H. E. Jacobs
Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'judging judgment'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". - ISBE; 1915.

Copyright Information
© International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)

ISBE Bible Encyclopedia Home
Bible History Online Home


Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)
Online Bible (KJV)
Naves Topical Bible
Smith's Bible Dictionary
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Schaff's Bible Dictionary
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Matthew Henry Bible Commentary
Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary

Related Bible History