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         Unenclosed land. In the Hebrew definition of field, both the use of land (pasture, Genesis 29:2; Genesis 31:4; cropland, Genesis 37:7; Genesis 47:24; hunting ground, Genesis 27:3,Genesis 27:5) and the terrain [mountaintops, Numbers 21:20 (literal translation, "field of Moabi"); Judges 9:32,Judges 9:36;] were insignificant. The crucial distinction is between what is enclosed and what is open. A field may be contrasted with a tent (Numbers 19:14,Numbers 19:16), a camp (Leviticus 14:3,Leviticus 14:7), vineyards which were customarily enclosed (Exodus 22:5; Leviticus 25:3-4), or with a walled city (Leviticus 14:53; Deuteronomy 28:3,Deuteronomy 28:16). Villages without walls were regarded as fields (Leviticus 25:31). Fields were likewise distinguished from barren wasteland (Ezekiel 33:27). Fields were marked with landmarks (Deuteronomy 19:14).
        The NRSV translated the Hebrew term shedemah, one of the words generally translated field, as vineyard at Deuteronomy 32:32. The REB rendered the term differently each place it was used (terraces, Deuteronomy 32:32; slope, 2 Kings 23:4; vineyard, Isaiah 16:8; field, Jeremiah 31:40; orchards, Habakkuk 3:17).
Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew Robert M.A., D.D., "Definition for 'field' Fausset's Bible Dictionary". - Fausset's; 1878.

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