Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
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Washing was required by the law for purification of uncleanness of any kind, as leprosy, etc. (Leviticus 15; Leviticus 16:28; Leviticus 22:6; Numbers 19:7; Numbers 19:19; 2 Samuel 11:2; 2 Samuel 11:4; 2 Kings 5:10); mourning (Rth 3:3; 2 Samuel 12:20). The high priest on the day of atonement, before each act of expiation (Leviticus 16:4; Leviticus 16:24); also at his own consecration (Leviticus 8:6). Anointing with perfumes was joined to the washing (Esther 2:12). The laver at the door of the tabernacle was for the priests to wash in before entering (Exodus 30:18-20). The legal ritual prescribed washing, not bathing; also sprinkling. Baptism by immersion is not confirmed by legal types.

Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew Robert M.A., D.D., "Definition for 'bath' Fausset's Bible Dictionary". - Fausset's; 1878.

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