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Exodus 23:14 "Three times a year you shall celebrate a feast to Me.

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Exodus 23:15 >

      14-18. Three times . . . keep a feast . . . in the year--This was the institution of the great religious festivals--"The feast of unleavened bread," or the passover--"the feast of harvest," or pentecost--"the feast of ingathering," or the feast of tabernacles, which was a memorial of the dwelling in booths in the wilderness, and which was observed in the seventh month (Ex 12:2). All the males were enjoined to repair to the tabernacle and afterwards the temple, and the women frequently went. The institution of this national custom was of the greatest importance in many ways: by keeping up a national sense of religion and a public uniformity in worship, by creating a bond of unity, and also by promoting internal commerce among the people. Though the absence of all the males at these three festivals left the country defenseless, a special promise was given of divine protection, and no incursion of enemies was ever permitted to happen on those occasions.


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Exodus 23 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: This chapter continues and concludes the acts that passed in the first session (if I may so call it) upon mount Sinai. Here are, I. Some laws of universal obligation, relating especially to the ninth commandment, against bearing false witness (v. 1), and giving false judgment (v. 2, v. 3, v. 6-8). Also a law of doing good to our enemies (v. 4, v. 5), and not oppressing strangers (v. 9). II. Some laws peculiar to the Jews. The sabbatical year (v. 10, v. 11), the three annual feasts (v. 14-17), with some laws pertaining thereto. III. Gracious promises of the completing of the mercy God had begun for them, upon condition of their obedience. That God would conduct them through the wilderness (v. 20-24), that he would prosper all they had (v. 25, v. 26), that he would put them in possession of Canaan (v. 27-31). But they must not mingle themselves with the nations (v. 32, v. 33).


Laws against falsehood and injustice. (1-9)
The year of rest, The sabbath, The three festivals. (10-19)
God promises to conduct the Israelites to Canaan. (20-33)

Photo of the Sinai Wilderness
Photo of the Sinai Wilderness

Important Topics for Bible Study

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

Ancient Customs

Ancient People

the wilderness
the mount of God

Quick Reference Maps

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

Map of the Red Sea
Map of the Red Sea and Egypt (Click to Enlarge)

The Old Testament


Exodus Resources

Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Tabernacle
The Wilderness Wanderings