Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
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Exodus 12:51 And it came about on that same day that the LORD brought the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.

< Exodus 12:50
Exodus 13:1 >


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Exodus 12 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: The LORD establishes the Passover and the feast of unleavened bread, unblemished lambs are slain, Israelites are spared because of the blood on the doorposts, The firstborn of all Egyptians are slain, Israel is thrust out of Egypt after 430 years, no bone of the paschal lamb is to be broken.

1 The beginning of the year is changed
3 The Passover is instituted
11 The rite of the Passover
15 The seven days of unleavened bread
29 The firstborn are slain
31 The Israelites are driven out of the land
37 They come to Succoth
43 The ordinance of the Passover

Painting of Ancient Egypt Pyramids and Sphinx by Roberts
Painting of Ancient Egyptian Landmarks by Roberts

Important Topics for Bible Study
Verse- Topic
1-2- The Month That They Left Egypt Became The First Month Of The Year
3 - God Tells Them To Choose An Unblemished Lamb For The Passover
4- They Learn How To Eat The Passover
5- The Passover Lamb Is Described
6- The Manner Of Sprinkling The Blood Is Described
7- The Time Of Killing The Passover Lamb Is Described
8-11- The Time They Were To Eat The Passover Lamb And How They Were To Eat Of It
12- The Lord's Purpose To Smite The Firstborn
13- How They Were To Apply The Blood Upon The Doors
15- The Seven Days Of Unleavened Bread And How They Were To Keep It
21-24- Moses Teaches The Elders For Their Current And Future Safety
26-27- The Children Are Instructed
29- The Firstborn Of All Egypt Are Slain
30- There Is A Great Cry In The Land Of Egypt
31- Pharaoh Commands Israel To Go
33- The Egyptians Force Them To Go
34- The Israelites Depart In Haste
35-36- The Israelites Spoil The Egyptians
37- The Israelites Are Numbered
39- The Israelites Baked Unleavened Bread
40- The Length Of Time The Israelites Were In Egypt Is Recorded
41- The Day And Time Of Israel's Deliverance
43-49- Who Is Allowed To Partake Of The Passover
50- The Children Of Israel Did As The Lord Commanded

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Nile River
Map of the Nile River and Egypt (Click to Enlarge)

Painting of the Ancient Nile River by Roberts
Painting of the Ancient Nile River by Roberts

Ancient Customs
without blemish
the tenth day of the month
the fourteenth day of the same month
assembly of Israel
congregation of Israel
the blood
side posts
upper door post of the houses
eating the roasted flesh
all the gods of Egypt
a token
unleavened bread
cut off from Israel
holy convocation
elders of Israel
kill the passover
bowed the head and worshipped
spoiled the Egyptians
armies of Israel

Ancient People
God, Moses, Pharaoh, Aaron
children of Israel
six hundred thousand on foot that were men

the land of Goshen

Quick Reference Maps

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

The Old Testament


Exodus Resources

Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Tabernacle
The Wilderness Wanderings