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JOEL (1)

jo'-el (yo'el, popularly interpreted as "Yahweh is God"; but see HPN, 153; BDB, 222a):
(1) The firstborn of Samuel (1 Sam 8:2; 1 Ch 6:33 (Hebrew 18), and supplied in the Revised Version (British and American) of 1 Ch 6:28, correctly).
(2) A Simeonite prince (1 Ch 4:35). (3) A Reubenite chief (1 Ch 5:4,8).
(4) A Gadite chief, perhaps the same as (3) (1 Ch 5:12). He might be the chief of "a family or clan whose members might be reckoned as belonging to either or both of the tribes" (Curtis, Chronicles, 122).
(5) A Levite ancestor of Samuel (1 Ch 6:36 (Hebrew 21), called "Shaul" in 6:24 (Hebrew 9)).
(6) A chief of Issachar (1 Ch 7:3).
(7) One of David's mighty men (1 Ch 11:38), brother of Nathan. 2 Sam 23:36 has "Igal son of Nathan," and the Septuagint's Codex Vaticanus has "son" in 1 Chronicles, a reading which Curtis adopts.
(8) A Levite (1 Ch 15:7,11,17), probably the Joel of 1 Ch 23:8 and 26:22.
(9) David's tribal chief over half of Manasseh (1 Ch 27:20).
(10) A Levite of Hezekiah's time (2 Ch 29:12).
(11) One of those who had married foreign wives (Ezr 10:43) = "Juel" of 1 Esdras 9:35.
(12) A Benjamite "overseer" in Jerusalem (Neh 11:9).
(13) Ioel, the prophet (Joel 1:1; Acts 2:16). See following article.
David Francis Roberts
Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'joel (1)'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". - ISBE; 1915.

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