(1.) The orient (mizrah); the rising of the sun. Thus "the east
country" is the country lying to the east of Syria, the Elymais
(Zech. 8:7).

(2). Properly what is in front of one, or a country that is
before or in front of another; the rendering of the word
"kedem". In pointing out the quarters, a Hebrew always looked
with his face toward the east. The word "kedem" is used when the
four quarters of the world are described (Gen. 13:14; 28:14);
and "mizrah" when the east only is distinguished from the west
(Josh. 11:3; Ps. 50:1; 103:12, etc.). In Gen. 25:6 "eastward" is
literally "unto the land of kedem;" i.e., the lands lying east
of Israel, namely, Arabia, Mesopotamia, etc.