Bible Names N-Z
Tiras in Wikipedia
Tiras was, according to Genesis 10 and Chronicles 1, the
last-named son of Japheth who is otherwise unmentioned in
the Hebrew Bible. According to the Book of Jubilees, the
inheritance of Tiras consisted of four large islands in the
ocean. Some scholars have speculated his descendants to have
been among the components of the Sea Peoples known to
Ancient Egypt as Tursha and to the Greeks as Tyrsenoi.
Josephus wrote that Tiras became ancestor of the
"Thirasians" (Thracians). These were the first fair-haired
people mentioned in antiquity according to Xenophanes, and
were later known as the Getae according to historians
beginning with Herodotus (4.93, 5.3). Tiras or Tyras in
antiquity was also the name of the Dniester river, and of a
Greek colony situated near its mouth.
Some, including Noah Webster, have suggested that Tiras was
worshiped by his descendants as Thor, the god of thunder,
equating both these forms with the Θουρος (Thouros)
mentioned by Homer as the "Mars of the Thracians". The
earliest Norse sagas name Thor as an ancestral chieftain,
and trace his origins to Thrace.
According to tractate Yoma, in the Talmud, Tiras is the
ancestor of Persia.
The medieval rabbinic text Book of Jasher (7:9) records the
sons of Tiras as Benib, Gera, Lupirion, and Gilak, and in
10:14, it asserts that Rushash, Cushni, and Ongolis are
among his descendants. An earlier (950 AD) rabbinic
compilation, the Yosippon, similarly claims Tiras'
descendants to be the Rossi of Kiv, i.e. Kievan Rus, listing
them together with his brother Meshech's supposed
descendants as "the Rossi; the Saqsni and the Iglesusi".
Another mediaeval Hebrew compilation, the Chronicles of
Jerahmeel, aside from quoting Yosippon as above, also
provides a separate tradition of Tiras' sons elsewhere,
naming them as Maakh, Tabel, Bal’anah, Shampla, Meah, and
Elash. This material was ultimately derived from Pseudo-
Philo (ca. 75 AD), extant copies of which list Tiras' sons
as Maac, Tabel, Ballana, Samplameac, and Elaz.
The Persian historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (c. 915)
recounts a tradition that Tiras had a son named Batawil,
whose daughters Qarnabil, Bakht, and Arsal became the wives
of Cush, Put, and Canaan, respectively.