Bible Names N-Z
: Put (Phut)
Phut in Wikipedia
Phut or Put (Hebrew: פוט pûṭ; Septuagint Greek Φουδ Phoud)
is the third son of Ham (one of the sons of Noah), in the
biblical Table of Nations (Genesis 10:6; cf. 1 Chronicles
Put (or Phut) is associated with Ancient Libya by many early
writers. Josephus writes: "Phut also was the founder of
Libya, and called the inhabitants Phutites (Phoutes), from
himself: there is also a river in the country of Moors which
bears that name; whence it is that we may see the greatest
part of the Grecian historiographers mention that river and
the adjoining country by the appellation of Phut (Phoute):
but the name it has now has been by change given it from one
of the sons of Mezraim, who was called Lybyos." (AotJ Book
1:6/2). Pliny the Elder Nat. Hist. 5.1 and Ptolemy Geog.
iv.1.3 both place the river Phuth on the west side of
Mauretania (modern Morocco). Ptolemy also mentions a city
Putea in Libya (iv.3.39).
A Libyan connection has likewise been inferred from Nahum
3:9, where it is said that "Put and Lubim" were the helpers
of Egypt. Other biblical verses consistently refer to the
descendants of Put as warriors. In Jeremiah 46:9, they are
again described as being supporters of Egypt. Ezekiel
mentions them three times - in 27:10, as supporters of Tyre
(Phoenicia), in 30:5 again as supporting Egypt, and in 38:5,
as supporters of Gog. The Septuagint Greek (LXX) substitutes
Libues in Ezekiel where the Hebrew Bible refers to Put.
However, the LXX reads Put in Isaiah 66:19, in place of Pul
in the Hebrew.
The Persian historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (c. 915)
recounts a tradition that the wife of Put was named Bakht, a
daughter of Batawil son of Tiras, and that she bore him the
The Libyan tribe of pỉdw shows up in Egyptian records by the
22nd dynasty, while a Ptolemaic text from Edfu refers to the
t3 n n3 pỉt.w "the land of the Pitu". The word was later
written in Demotic as Pỉt, and as Phaiat in Coptic, a name
for Libya Aegypti, northwestern Egypt.
A fragment of Nebuchadnezzar II's annals mentions his
campaign in 567 in Egypt, and defeating the soldiers of Putu
Yavan, ie. Greek Libya (Cyrene). A multilingual stele from
al-Kabrīt, dating to the reign of Darius I refers to the Put
as the province of Putiya (Old Persian) and Puṭa (Neo-
Babylonian), where the equivalent text written in Egyptian
has t3 ṯmḥw "Libya".