Bible Names A-G
Adoni-zedec in Wikipedia
(variously transliterated as Adoni-zedec or Adoni-Zedek (in
Hebrew, Adoni-Tzedek) was, according to the Book of Joshua,
king of Jerusalem at the time of the Israelite invasion of
Canaan (Joshua 10:1-3 ). His name means "my lord is
righteousness" in Hebrew.
Adonizedek led a coalition of five of the neighboring Amorite
rulers (Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth,
and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon)
to resist the invasion, but the allies were defeated at
Gibeon, and suffered at Beth-horon, not only from their
pursuers, but also from a great hail-storm. The five allied
kings took refuge in a cave at Makkedah and were imprisoned
there until after the battle, when Joshua commanded that they
be brought before him; whereupon they were brought out,
humiliated, and put to death. The name Adoni-zedek seems to be
corrupted into Adoni-Bezek in Judges 1:5-7 , though they may
refer to two different individuals.
According to the Midrash, the name Adoni-zedek is translated
as "Master of Zedek" - that is, "of Jerusalem," the city of
righteousness (Genesis Rabbah xliii. 6)...