Bible Names A-G
Aristobulus I in Wikipedia
Judah (Yehudah, Heb. יהודה) Aristobulus I (reigned 104-103
BC) was a king of the Hebrew Hasmonean Dynasty, and the
eldest of the five sons of King John Hyrcanus. He was the
first of the Hasmonean rulers to call himself "king."
According to the Hebrew Scriptures, only descendants of
Judah, or, more specifically, the House of David, were
qualified to be kings of Israel. All of Aristobulus'
predecessors used the title of "nasi"/"president".
Aristobulus I from "Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum"
According to the directions of John Hyrcanus, the government
of the country after his death was to be placed in the hands
of his wife, and Aristobulus was originally to receive only
the high-priesthood. He was not however satisfied with this,
so he cast his mother into prison and allowed her to starve
there. By this means he came into the possession of the
throne, which, however, he did not long enjoy, as after a
year's reign he died of a painful illness (103 BC). He was
hostile to the Pharisees and pursued them with ruthlessness.
Aristobulus' successor was his eldest brother, Alexander
Jannĉus, who, together with his two brothers, was freed from
prison by Queen Shelomit [Salome] Alexandra, the widow of